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We have a question that has been marked as a duplicate. The question is:

When did the “Great War” become “World War 1”?

The suggested duplicate is here:

When was the term for WW2 first used and was it more popular in, say, US before Europe?

The problem is that the question is not actually a duplicate, and the suggested answer on the second question doesn't answer the first.


The suggested answer quotes an answer from English:SEW

OED says that the Manchester Guardian coined "World War No. 2" on 18 February 1919, "with reference to an imagined future war arising out of the social upheaval consequent upon the First World War (1914-18)."

That mention of The First World War is a commentary on the answer by the Oxford English Dictionary. In fact, the article in Manchester Guardian doesn't mention "World War 1" or the "First World War" at all (the newspaper is hosted on Newspapers.com. It requires a subscription to view, but they offer 7 days free access if you register).


In fact, The first public use of the phrase "First World War" seems to have been in the title of memoirs published in 1920, and the first public use of the phrase "World War 1" appears to have been by Time Magazine in June 1939. However, this still doesn't quite answer the question. In 1920, and even in 1939, the term "The Great War" was still far more common in general use.

Interestingly, various people have done analyses to discover when the terms "First World War" and "World War 1" became more popular than "The Great War" in general use. I wasn't able to find one that would stand up to rigorous academic scrutiny (sources of potential bias in the data are obvious in every example I found), but this article does contain a nice interactive graph.

The suggestion is that use of "First World War" and "World War 1" overtook the phrase "The Great War" in general use in about 1941.

Interestingly, the question is not as trivial as it first appeared.


Which is all fine and, if the question hadn't been closed as a duplicate, I might well have posted it as an answer. Which brings me to my question:

Why was the question closed as a duplicate in the first place?


EDIT: I'm happy to report that the question has now been re-opened.

  • Interesting. If the two terms went hand-in-hand (which I had always assumed) then I think the latter question did kind of devolve to a subset of the former. But if you're saying that's not actually the case... – T.E.D. Aug 17 '17 at 22:38
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    @T.E.D. The first known use of the phrase "The First World War" is in an officer's diary from 1918. Also, it is worth noting that, even as late as the 1950s, the "Second World War" was often called "The Second Great War". – sempaiscuba Aug 17 '17 at 22:45
  • I'm happy to see that this question has now been reopened. :-) – sempaiscuba Aug 24 '17 at 1:15
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This was a strange one. There were some forward thinking people that were "looking ahead" to a "second" war in 1919-1920 when the first was barely over. On the other hand, there were a large number of people that didn't make a connection between "first" and "second" until the "second" was well underway, perhaps almost over, in the early to mid 1940s.

Thus, it was hard to get a consensus as to when "people" started differentiating between the first and the second. Because some were thinking about the "second" before others realized that there had been a "first."

Which is why the question was not a duplicate, even though one might logically assume that it was. Which is why I voted to re-open.

  • My thinking too. Although a surprising number still voted to leave the question closed as a duplicate. – sempaiscuba Aug 26 '17 at 19:38
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    @sempaiscuba: This was a hard issue to parse. It was hard for most people to "get it." Hopefully this discussion helped. – Tom Au Aug 26 '17 at 19:40

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